Stomach ulcers are sores in the lining of the stomach mucosa. They can be as big as 5 mm deeper in size. Increased acid secretion and Bacterial infection are the most common cause of Stomach ulcer.
According to this study, About 80 to 90% of gastric ulcers are caused by Helicobacter pylori infection and/or NSAID use.
Symptoms of Stomach Ulcer
There can be many symptoms seen in the stomach ulcers, but their severity depends on the severity of ulcers.
Burning in the middle of the stomach is the most common symptom that occurs if you have a stomach ulcer. Other symptoms include:
- Stomach Pain
- Nausea & Vomiting
- Loss of appetite
- Bloody vomit
- Dark colored stools
Always talk to your doctor to confirm whether you have ulcers or not. Diagnosis of stomach ulcer is important to take appropriate treatment.
Causes of Stomach Ulcer
Stomach ulcers occur when excess of acid secreted in the stomach, Which further causes sores in the stomach lining.
Most common causes of stomach ulcer:
- Helicobacter pylori Infection
- NSAIDs drugs – Paracetamol, Ibuprofen, Naproxen, Tramadol
- Zollinger-Ellison syndrome
When to talk to doctor
Always visit or talk to your doctor if you see any symptoms of stomach ulcers.
It is advised to seek emergency help if you get any of the following symptoms:
- Blood in vomit
- Dark or blood colored stools
- severe pain in the abdomen
- Any other symptom which you think occuring because of internal bleeding
Treatment of Stomach Ulcer
Usually treatment is chosen depending on the cause of ulcers. It will usually take one to two months to completely heal stomach ulcers.
To counter the side effect of NSAID, Usually Proton Pump Inhibitors are prescribed to control the production of acid in the stomach.
Proton Pump Inhibitors – Omeprazole, Esomeprazole, Rabeprazole, Pantaprazole
In case of bacterial infection, certain antibiotics are used to suppress the growth of bacteria in the stomach.
Antibiotics – Metronidazole, Amoxicillin, Clarithromycin, Tetracycline, Tinidazole
Home remedies for Stomach Ulcer
Probiotics are also known as healthy gut bacteria, they help our body to maintain the health of our stomach.
They might not be able to kill H.Pylori, but they can suppress the growth of bacteria and promote the process of healing.
Sources of probiotic:
- Fermented foods
Honey is one of the most popular remedy used in stomach ulcers. There are also many other health benefits of taking honey regularly.
Honey is proven to have antimicrobial effect and it also decreases the acid secretion in the stomach.
People with stomach ulcers should consume honey regularly to speed up the healing of ulcer sores.
Aloe Vera is plant based gel having many health benefits including healing of stomach ulcers.
There are animal studies showing positive effects on healing of ulcers.
You can drink aloe vera juice or add it to your favorite drinks.