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Nausea & Vomiting: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment


Nausea & Vomiting are interlinked medical conditions to each other.

Nausea is defined as the feeling of getting vomited, On other hands Vomiting is the forceful expulsion of stomach contents from the body.

Both of these conditions are not disorders, in fact, they are considered as a symptom of other underlying conditions.

Conditions which cause nausea & vomiting

  • Food Poisoning,
  • Motion Sickness,
  • Brain Injury,
  • Appendicitis,
  • Migraine,
  • Diet,
  • Pain,
  • Ulcer,
  • Early pregnancy,
  • Gallbladder disease,
  • Certain smells or odors,
  • Indigestion

Difference between nausea and vomiting

Nausea is just a feeling of getting vomiting, while vomiting is the actual expulsion of stomach content through the mouth.

Most of the time nausea is accomplished by vomiting, but in some cases you will only have nausea. For example, in the pregnancy.

How to manage nausea & vomiting at home

Follow below given tips to get quick relief from the nausea & vomiting. However, if they do not ease any of the symptoms, then you should talk to your doctor.

Things to do to control nausea

  • Avoid eating too much oily, fried, or sweet foods.
  • Drink some cold water.
  • Avoid any heavy physical activity after eating.
  • Eat slowly.
  • Eat smaller, more frequent meals.
  • Never mix hot and cold foods.
  • Avoid cold drinks.
  • Eat a small piece of fresh ginger.
  • Take deep breaths.
  • Get some fresh air.

Things to do to control vomiting

  • Take a rest, to relax the central nervous system.
  • Temporarily discontinue ongoing medication until vomiting goes away.
  • Try antiepileptic medication like – Ranitidine, Pantaprazole, Domeperidone.
  • Drink clear, cold water.
  • Try ginger tea or small piece of fresh ginger.

If nausea or symptoms do not improve within 12 hours, it is advised to contact a nearby doctor to seek emergency help.

Symptoms of concern

Following is the list of severe symptoms:

  • Blood in vomit
  • Serious stomach pain
  • Severe diarrhea
  • Confusion
  • Lethargy
  • Change in heart beat

When to see a doctor?

Talk to your doctor if:

  • You are having nausea or vomiting for more than one day.
  • Regularly having nausea or vomiting conditions.
  • You are having diarrhea or chest pain along with nausea or vomiting.
  • You feel weak or dehydrated.
  • There is fever of high degree.

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