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Dysmenorrhea: Diagnosis, Treatment & Home Remedies


In medical terminology Dysmenorrhea is referred as the painful menstruation. Which are mainly caused by Cramps that occurs mainly due to contraction by uterine contraction.

Dysmenorrhea or painful menstruation can be treated with analgesic painkillers or simple home remedies mentioned below in the article.

Types of dysmenorrhea:

There are two major types of dysmenorrhea which includes:

  • Primary Dysmenorrhea: It is the time of dysmenorrhea which occurs before 7-8 hours of menstruation.
  • Secondary Dysmenorrhea: It is associated with disorder of the women reproductive system.

What are menstrual cramps?

Menstrual cramps is a natural reaction that occurs during the menstrual cycle. This reaction occurs when the body releases extra prostaglandin in the menstruation.

Normal menstruation lasts about 12 to 72 hours, It may be accompanied by other symptoms like Nausea, Vomiting, Weakness & Diarrhea.

Common symptoms of dysmenorrhea

  • Severe pain/cramps
  • Feeling of severe pressure in the abdomen
  • Pain in the back, legs and lower abdominal
  • Excessive bleeding
  • Fainting
  • Headache
  • Backache

Home remedies of dysmenorrhea

  • Try Heating pads or Cold therapy to suppress the pain temporarily.
  • Take enough rest when needed.
  • Try drinking lots of fluid to relax the abdominal.
  • Avoid alcohol and caffeine products.
  • Even you can try taking a warm water shower to get temporary relief from pain.
  • Try a belly massage with anti-inflammatory creams.

Medications used in the dysmenorrhea

  • NSAID – Painkiller like Paracetamol, Ibuprofen, Aceclofenac, Etoricoxib
  • Take multivitamins regularly
  • Numbing Creams
  • Aloe vera gel massage

Causes of secondary dysmenorrhea

Fibroids – It is also known as Uterine Fibroids, It is nothing but a noncancerous growths of the uterus that often appear during childbearing years.

Adenomyosis – It is a condition in which the inner lining of the uterus breaks through the muscle wall of the uterus.

Endometriosis – A condition in which the lining of the uterus (the endometrium) is outside the uterus. Because these pieces of tissue bleed during your period, they can cause swelling, scarring, and pain.

Other conditions—Some medical conditions can flare up during a period and cause pain. 

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