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Disease Information

Headache: Causes, Symptoms, Home remedies & Medication

Headache is described as the occurrence of pain sensation in some parts of the head. Most of the time, headaches are not cause of serious concern and can be treated without any special treatment

Headache is described as the occurrence of pain sensation in some parts of the head. Most of the time, headaches are not cause of serious concern and can be treated without any special treatment.

However, it is possible that there may be many serious and life-threatening conditions underlying the headache.

Identification and appropriate treatment of these dangerous conditions causing headaches are critical to prevent long-term disability or death. 

Types of headaches

Migraine Headache – Headaches associated with migraine attack is considered as migraine headache.

Sinus Headache – Usually headache is associated with Sinus related conditions like sinusitis is broadly described as sinus headache.

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Cluster Headache – When pain in the head occurs in small clusters in different part of head, it is considered as cluster headache.

Tension Headache – As name suggest, this kind of headaches are often associated with stress and tension of daily life.

What causes headaches?

It is not fully understood that how does the headache occur. However, it is clear that human skull does not have tissues so it can’t send the pain signals. But blood vessels and tissue present in the neck are said to be responsible for signaling pain in the brain.

The scalp, sinuses, teeth, and muscles along with joints of the neck can also cause head pain.

When to worry about headaches?

Although most of headaches aren’t of serious concerns and may goes away with time. However, following is the list of situation where headaches may be of serious concern.

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  • Unusual and severe headaches
  • Changes in behavior or mental function
  • Headache that becomes worse with time & movement
  • Occurrence of red eye along with headache
  • Pain in head upon normal head movement
  • Headaches with fever, runny nose and any other mental disorders
  • Headaches that comes up regularly after waking up frombed

Common triggers of headaches

  • Listening to loud music
  • Drinking too much alcohol
  • Consumption of medication
  • Having stress or tension in the body
  • Changes in weather
  • Fasting

Home remedies for headaches

1.Sip caffeinated drink

Caffeine is considered as a CNS stimulant and help to reduce the stress from the head. If you are having a headache and need quick relief get a cup of coffee or caffeinated drink.

Caffeine is said to improve mood and the alertness of mind, which can have a positive effect on mental conditions.

2.Try yoga

If you are having headaches regularly, try doing yoga as it can help you to reduce the pain along with stress. Yoga also improves the quality of life and have positive effect on your mental condition.

According to this study people who practiced yoga for three months had a significant reduction in headache frequency, severity and associated symptoms, compared to those who did not practice yoga.

3.Sip a cup of ginger tea

Fresh ginger is a heavy stock of antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds which can be used in the treatment of headache.

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Add a small piece of ginger in your tea, take it twice a day and see the relief.

4.Have rest, Get some sleep

Sometimes not getting enough sleep can cause headaches, if you are staying up almost everyday you might end up getting severe headache.

For maximum benefits, aim for the “sweet spot” of seven to nine hours of sleep per night.

5.Stay hydrated

Inadequate water in the body may have various negative effects on the body including headache.

In fact, it is noted in many researches that dehydration is a common cause of tension headaches and migraines

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Disease Information

Loss of Appetite: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Loss of Appetite is one of the most common problems faced by many peoples in united state. Which increases the chances of weight loss and nutritional deficiencies. Also contribute to associated poor healthcare outcomes, including increased mortality.

loss of appetite

Loss of Appetite is one of the most common problems faced by many peoples in united state. Which increases the chances of weight loss and nutritional deficiencies. Also contribute to associated poor healthcare outcomes, including increased mortality.

What causes loss of appetite?

There are numerous conditions which can cause loss of appetite. The best way to get your hunger back is by addressing the issue that causing loss of appetite.

Medications

Some medications can cause you loss of appetite as a side effect. following is the list:

  • Antibiotics
  • Narcotic Analgesics
  • Non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs
  • Anti hypertensive drugs

Health Conditions

Following is the list of health conditions which can cause loss of appetite.

  • Dementia
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Hepatitis
  • Heart failure
  • Liver disease

Other disorders

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Surgical procedure
  • Anorexia Nervosa

How to treat loss of appetite?

Your doctor may recommend you some appetite stimulants like.

Megestrol 

Megestrol is an hormone which is used in the cancer and hiv patients to stimulate the appetite.

In Fact, According to study Megestrol is one of the more potent appetite stimulants of currently used drugs.

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Dronabinol 

Dronabiol is asynthetic tetrahydrocannabinol and a psychoactive substance found in cannabis. can be prescribed by the doctors to stimulate the appetite.

Oxandrolone 

Oxandrolone is a synthetic testosterone, which can increase your weight like an anabolic steroid. It should be used with caution to avoid excessive weight gain.

Lifestyle changes suggested to increase appetite

  • Regular physical exercise
  • Get enough sleep
  • Get early to bed and wake up in the morning
  • Quit smoking
  • Eat small meals frequently
  • Get social, meet new people
  • Live in fresh environment

Home remedies for loss of appetite

1.Fennel Tea

Ancient remedies shows us the use of Fennel as an appetite stimulant. they promote digestion of food and makes your stomach empty more faster, Which leads to increase in appetite.

To make fennel tea:

Add a teaspoonful of fennel seeds to around 2 cups of water, you can add some coriander seeds also for more efficiency.

Boil the mixture for 5-10 minutes, Strain the mixture and drink at least once a day to see the result.

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2.Carom Seeds (Ajwain)

Carrom seeds are another indian spice having many benefits. it works by promoting your digestion and making you feel to eat more.

Add some carrom seeds to boiling water and drink it twice a day to see the effect.

They also have anti-flatulent and antacid effect to maintain your gut health.

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Disease Information

Stomach Ulcer: Symptoms, Causes,Treatment & Home Remedies

Stomach ulcers are sores in the lining of the stomach mucosa. They can be as big as 5 mm deeper in size. Increased acid secretion and Bacterial infection are the most common cause of Stomach ulcer.

stomach ulcer

Stomach ulcers are sores in the lining of the stomach mucosa. They can be as big as 5 mm deeper in size. Increased acid secretion and Bacterial infection are the most common cause of Stomach ulcer.

According to this study, About 80 to 90% of gastric ulcers are caused by Helicobacter pylori infection and/or NSAID use.

Symptoms of Stomach Ulcer

There can be many symptoms seen in the stomach ulcers, but their severity depends on the severity of ulcers.

Burning in the middle of the stomach is the most common symptom that occurs if you have a stomach ulcer. Other symptoms include:

Always talk to your doctor to confirm whether you have ulcers or not. Diagnosis of stomach ulcer is important to take appropriate treatment.

Causes of Stomach Ulcer

Stomach ulcers occur when excess of acid secreted in the stomach, Which further causes sores in the stomach lining.

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Most common causes of stomach ulcer:

When to talk to doctor

Always visit or talk to your doctor if you see any symptoms of stomach ulcers.

It is advised to seek emergency help if you get any of the following symptoms:

  • Blood in vomit
  • Dark or blood colored stools
  • severe pain in the abdomen
  • Any other symptom which you think occuring because of internal bleeding

Treatment of Stomach Ulcer

Usually treatment is chosen depending on the cause of ulcers. It will usually take one to two months to completely heal stomach ulcers.

To counter the side effect of NSAID, Usually Proton Pump Inhibitors are prescribed to control the production of acid in the stomach.

Proton Pump Inhibitors – Omeprazole, Esomeprazole, Rabeprazole, Pantaprazole

In case of bacterial infection, certain antibiotics are used to suppress the growth of bacteria in the stomach.

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Antibiotics – Metronidazole, Amoxicillin, Clarithromycin, Tetracycline, Tinidazole

Home remedies for Stomach Ulcer

1.Probiotic Foods

Probiotics are also known as healthy gut bacteria, they help our body to maintain the health of our stomach.

They might not be able to kill H.Pylori, but they can suppress the growth of bacteria and promote the process of healing.

Sources of probiotic:

  • Yogurt
  • Fermented foods
  • Supplements
  • Kimchi
  • Sauerkraut
  • Kombucha

2.Honey

Honey is one of the most popular remedy used in stomach ulcers. There are also many other health benefits of taking honey regularly.

Honey is proven to have antimicrobial effect and it also decreases the acid secretion in the stomach.

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People with stomach ulcers should consume honey regularly to speed up the healing of ulcer sores.

3.Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera is plant based gel having many health benefits including healing of stomach ulcers.

There are animal studies showing positive effects on healing of ulcers.

You can drink aloe vera juice or add it to your favorite drinks.

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Disease Information

Constipation: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment & Home Remedies

Constipation is a gastric disorder characterized by infrequent stools, difficult stool passage with pain and stiffness.

constipation

Constipation is a gastric disorder characterized by infrequent stools, difficult stool passage with pain and stiffness. Constipation is the most common condition which affects around 1% to 80% population worldwide.

Symptoms of constipation

Symptoms of constipation may vary from person to person, But following is the list of common symptoms which are noted in constipation.

  • Having difficulty in passing the stools,
  • Stomach pain,
  • Pain while passing the stools,
  • Fewer than three bowel movements a week,
  • Stomach gas and bloating,
  • Feeling of not getting completely emptied your bowels after a movement.
  • Need to put pressure on stomach to pass the stools.

Causes of symptoms

There are many causes of constipation, based on lifestyle changes, use of medications and gastric disorder.

  • Lack of fiber consumption,
  • Not drinking enough water,
  • Anxiety and Stress,
  • Eating large amounts of milk or cheese.
  • Regular consumption of alcohol,
  • Resisting the urge to have a bowel movement.
  • In pregnancy

Medications which causes constipation

All those drugs which relaxes the muscles in the body, also relaxes muscle of the gut which causes the constipation.

Following is the list of medication is known to cause constipation.

Disorder which causes constipation

  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome
  • Diverticular Disease
  • Intestinal Obstruction
  • Diabetes
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Parkinson’s Disease

Treatment of constipation

Prescription drugs are available to get relief from constipation. Following is the list of medications prescribed by the doctor.

  • Lubiprostone – It acts locally in the intestine by softening the stool, increases intestinal transit, and improves symptoms of constipation.
  • Plecanatide – This drug works by drawing water into the gastrointestinal tract, thereby softening stool and encouraging its natural passage.
  • Lactulose – It is a laxative drug which acts by breaking down bacteria in the colon and drawing for water in the colon to softening the stools.
  • Linaclotide

Home remedies for constipation

Ancient home remedies are said to be a more conventional treatment in the constipation.

1.Eat more fiber

Fiber is most commonly used mineral to treat the constipation, Eat high fiber vegetables and fruits like beans, broccoli, berries, avocado, popcorns, apples, dried fruits, whole grains, potatoes, nuts.

According to this study, 77% of people with constipation benefited from increased consumption with fiber.

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This study suggests psyllium was 3.4 times more effective than insoluble wheat bran for increasing stool output.

2.Drink coffee

Caffeine said to stimulate the muscles in the stomach, which triggers the bowel movements.

Coffee also contains some amounts of soluble fibers which further helps in softening the stools and also improve the gut bacteria.

People with frequent constipation should daily consume a drink of coffee to get long time relief from the frequent constipation.

3.Try Herbal Laxative

Since ancient time Senna is an herbal laxative which is used in the management of constipation.

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Senna mainly contains glycosides which stimulate the nerves in the gut and help speed up bowel movements.

Generally senna is not recommended during the pregnancy and in children’s. Consult a doctor for alternative medicine.

When to seek doctor’s help

Contact your nearby doctor if:

  • You are having constipation for more than 10 days,
  • You are having problem of frequent constipation,
  • You are having serious stomach pain,
  • You have serious trouble in passing stools.

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