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Disease Information

Toothache: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Toothache is reffered to tooth pain, Dental cavities is the most common cause of toothache. it is estimated that around 35% of world population suffer from dental cavities.


Toothache refers to tooth pain, Dental cavities is the most common cause of toothache. It is estimated that around 35% of the world population suffer from dental cavities. Source

Depending on the underlying cause toothache can be a temporary or long term. However, there are complete treatments available for any toothache treatment.

Symptoms of toothache

Symptoms can vary from person to person depending on the underlying cause or disease. Common symptoms include:

  • Pain around the tooth
  • Redness and swelling in the jaw
  • Infection in affected tooth
  • Bad odor from mouth
  • Cluster headache
  • Fever
  • Change in the taste
  • Swollen glands

Causes of toothache

Toothache is caused by inflammation of the central part of the tooth called the pulp, which contains nerve endings that are very sensitive to pain.

Dental cavities, injury or any other infection in the tooth causes inflammation in the pulp. Which further leads to pain and swelling in the jaw or around the affected teeth.


Tooth Cavity – Tooth decay is permanently damaged areas on the hard surfaces of your teeth that develop into small openings or holes. Usually caused by bacterial infection, and frequently drinking or eating sugary products which sticks to your teeth.

Tooth Abscess – A tooth abscess is a collection of pus or pus sack caused mainly by a bacterial infection. The abscess can occur in different parts of the tooth from variety of reasons.

Damaged Filling – Sometimes your filling gets spoiled, which increases the risk of bacterial infection and tooth decay. Damage filling also one of the common cause of toothache nowadays.

Tooth Fracture – A injury can cause tooth fracture and may lead to heavy tooth pain. In such cases toothache occurs when you try to eat something.

Wisdom Teeth – At the age of 16-21 years, we get blessed with final teeth, which is usually referred as wisdom teeth because it comes at the mature age.


Home Treatment of Toothache

It is advised to visit a dentist to get a permanent solution for toothache. Following is the list of options you can use to suppress tooth pain for a shorter time.

NSAID Painkillers like – Paracetamol, Ibuprofen, Naproxen, Tramadol, Diclofenac.

Topical dental pain preparations, such as benzocaine, menthol, sodium mono fluro phosphate.

Clove Oil – Excellent and proven herbal remedy for toothache, it has proven anti-inflammatory properties which help to relieve toothache.

Cold Therapy – Another excellent home remedy, place a cube of ice around the affected tooth to numb the area temporarily.


Hydrogen peroxide – Rinse of Hydrogen peroxide (3% solution) can effectively help you to reduce inflammation and pain. Dilute hydrogen peroxide with equal parts of water and rinse well.

Peppermint Tea – The soothing properties of peppermint can be applied to the sore area with a chilled peppermint tea bag, hold this hot tea bag against the tooth and gums.

Dental Procedure to Treat Toothache

Tooth Filling – If you are having tooth cavities or tooth decay, The best option that dentist suggests is tooth filling. In such cases a dentist fills the tooth to make it free from tooth decay.

Tooth Removal – If necessary, sometime dentist removes your tooth and replace it with another cap.

Root Canal – In tooth abscess, dentist remove the pulp and replace it with filling material. It removes the Bacteria that gone into the inner space of the root of the tooth cause infection.


Final thoughts

A Toothache can be moderate to severe, they can be controlled by home remedies, but for a permanent solution visit the dentist to fix the underlying cause of toothache.

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Disease Information

Loss of Appetite: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Loss of Appetite is one of the most common problems faced by many peoples in united state. Which increases the chances of weight loss and nutritional deficiencies. Also contribute to associated poor healthcare outcomes, including increased mortality.

loss of appetite

Loss of Appetite is one of the most common problems faced by many peoples in united state. Which increases the chances of weight loss and nutritional deficiencies. Also contribute to associated poor healthcare outcomes, including increased mortality.

What causes loss of appetite?

There are numerous conditions which can cause loss of appetite. The best way to get your hunger back is by addressing the issue that causing loss of appetite.


Some medications can cause you loss of appetite as a side effect. following is the list:

  • Antibiotics
  • Narcotic Analgesics
  • Non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs
  • Anti hypertensive drugs

Health Conditions

Following is the list of health conditions which can cause loss of appetite.

  • Dementia
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Hepatitis
  • Heart failure
  • Liver disease

Other disorders

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Surgical procedure
  • Anorexia Nervosa

How to treat loss of appetite?

Your doctor may recommend you some appetite stimulants like.


Megestrol is an hormone which is used in the cancer and hiv patients to stimulate the appetite.

In Fact, According to study Megestrol is one of the more potent appetite stimulants of currently used drugs.



Dronabiol is asynthetic tetrahydrocannabinol and a psychoactive substance found in cannabis. can be prescribed by the doctors to stimulate the appetite.


Oxandrolone is a synthetic testosterone, which can increase your weight like an anabolic steroid. It should be used with caution to avoid excessive weight gain.

Lifestyle changes suggested to increase appetite

  • Regular physical exercise
  • Get enough sleep
  • Get early to bed and wake up in the morning
  • Quit smoking
  • Eat small meals frequently
  • Get social, meet new people
  • Live in fresh environment

Home remedies for loss of appetite

1.Fennel Tea

Ancient remedies shows us the use of Fennel as an appetite stimulant. they promote digestion of food and makes your stomach empty more faster, Which leads to increase in appetite.

To make fennel tea:

Add a teaspoonful of fennel seeds to around 2 cups of water, you can add some coriander seeds also for more efficiency.

Boil the mixture for 5-10 minutes, Strain the mixture and drink at least once a day to see the result.


2.Carom Seeds (Ajwain)

Carrom seeds are another indian spice having many benefits. it works by promoting your digestion and making you feel to eat more.

Add some carrom seeds to boiling water and drink it twice a day to see the effect.

They also have anti-flatulent and antacid effect to maintain your gut health.

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Disease Information

Stomach Ulcer: Symptoms, Causes,Treatment & Home Remedies

Stomach ulcers are sores in the lining of the stomach mucosa. They can be as big as 5 mm deeper in size. Increased acid secretion and Bacterial infection are the most common cause of Stomach ulcer.

stomach ulcer

Stomach ulcers are sores in the lining of the stomach mucosa. They can be as big as 5 mm deeper in size. Increased acid secretion and Bacterial infection are the most common cause of Stomach ulcer.

According to this study, About 80 to 90% of gastric ulcers are caused by Helicobacter pylori infection and/or NSAID use.

Symptoms of Stomach Ulcer

There can be many symptoms seen in the stomach ulcers, but their severity depends on the severity of ulcers.

Burning in the middle of the stomach is the most common symptom that occurs if you have a stomach ulcer. Other symptoms include:

Always talk to your doctor to confirm whether you have ulcers or not. Diagnosis of stomach ulcer is important to take appropriate treatment.

Causes of Stomach Ulcer

Stomach ulcers occur when excess of acid secreted in the stomach, Which further causes sores in the stomach lining.


Most common causes of stomach ulcer:

When to talk to doctor

Always visit or talk to your doctor if you see any symptoms of stomach ulcers.

It is advised to seek emergency help if you get any of the following symptoms:

  • Blood in vomit
  • Dark or blood colored stools
  • severe pain in the abdomen
  • Any other symptom which you think occuring because of internal bleeding

Treatment of Stomach Ulcer

Usually treatment is chosen depending on the cause of ulcers. It will usually take one to two months to completely heal stomach ulcers.

To counter the side effect of NSAID, Usually Proton Pump Inhibitors are prescribed to control the production of acid in the stomach.

Proton Pump Inhibitors – Omeprazole, Esomeprazole, Rabeprazole, Pantaprazole

In case of bacterial infection, certain antibiotics are used to suppress the growth of bacteria in the stomach.


Antibiotics – Metronidazole, Amoxicillin, Clarithromycin, Tetracycline, Tinidazole

Home remedies for Stomach Ulcer

1.Probiotic Foods

Probiotics are also known as healthy gut bacteria, they help our body to maintain the health of our stomach.

They might not be able to kill H.Pylori, but they can suppress the growth of bacteria and promote the process of healing.

Sources of probiotic:

  • Yogurt
  • Fermented foods
  • Supplements
  • Kimchi
  • Sauerkraut
  • Kombucha


Honey is one of the most popular remedy used in stomach ulcers. There are also many other health benefits of taking honey regularly.

Honey is proven to have antimicrobial effect and it also decreases the acid secretion in the stomach.


People with stomach ulcers should consume honey regularly to speed up the healing of ulcer sores.

3.Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera is plant based gel having many health benefits including healing of stomach ulcers.

There are animal studies showing positive effects on healing of ulcers.

You can drink aloe vera juice or add it to your favorite drinks.

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Disease Information

Constipation: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment & Home Remedies

Constipation is a gastric disorder characterized by infrequent stools, difficult stool passage with pain and stiffness.


Constipation is a gastric disorder characterized by infrequent stools, difficult stool passage with pain and stiffness. Constipation is the most common condition which affects around 1% to 80% population worldwide.

Symptoms of constipation

Symptoms of constipation may vary from person to person, But following is the list of common symptoms which are noted in constipation.

  • Having difficulty in passing the stools,
  • Stomach pain,
  • Pain while passing the stools,
  • Fewer than three bowel movements a week,
  • Stomach gas and bloating,
  • Feeling of not getting completely emptied your bowels after a movement.
  • Need to put pressure on stomach to pass the stools.

Causes of symptoms

There are many causes of constipation, based on lifestyle changes, use of medications and gastric disorder.

  • Lack of fiber consumption,
  • Not drinking enough water,
  • Anxiety and Stress,
  • Eating large amounts of milk or cheese.
  • Regular consumption of alcohol,
  • Resisting the urge to have a bowel movement.
  • In pregnancy

Medications which causes constipation

All those drugs which relaxes the muscles in the body, also relaxes muscle of the gut which causes the constipation.

Following is the list of medication is known to cause constipation.

Disorder which causes constipation

  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome
  • Diverticular Disease
  • Intestinal Obstruction
  • Diabetes
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Parkinson’s Disease

Treatment of constipation

Prescription drugs are available to get relief from constipation. Following is the list of medications prescribed by the doctor.

  • Lubiprostone – It acts locally in the intestine by softening the stool, increases intestinal transit, and improves symptoms of constipation.
  • Plecanatide – This drug works by drawing water into the gastrointestinal tract, thereby softening stool and encouraging its natural passage.
  • Lactulose – It is a laxative drug which acts by breaking down bacteria in the colon and drawing for water in the colon to softening the stools.
  • Linaclotide

Home remedies for constipation

Ancient home remedies are said to be a more conventional treatment in the constipation.

1.Eat more fiber

Fiber is most commonly used mineral to treat the constipation, Eat high fiber vegetables and fruits like beans, broccoli, berries, avocado, popcorns, apples, dried fruits, whole grains, potatoes, nuts.

According to this study, 77% of people with constipation benefited from increased consumption with fiber.


This study suggests psyllium was 3.4 times more effective than insoluble wheat bran for increasing stool output.

2.Drink coffee

Caffeine said to stimulate the muscles in the stomach, which triggers the bowel movements.

Coffee also contains some amounts of soluble fibers which further helps in softening the stools and also improve the gut bacteria.

People with frequent constipation should daily consume a drink of coffee to get long time relief from the frequent constipation.

3.Try Herbal Laxative

Since ancient time Senna is an herbal laxative which is used in the management of constipation.


Senna mainly contains glycosides which stimulate the nerves in the gut and help speed up bowel movements.

Generally senna is not recommended during the pregnancy and in children’s. Consult a doctor for alternative medicine.

When to seek doctor’s help

Contact your nearby doctor if:

  • You are having constipation for more than 10 days,
  • You are having problem of frequent constipation,
  • You are having serious stomach pain,
  • You have serious trouble in passing stools.

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